This tiger reserve is situated in Angul district of Odisha. Mahanadi river passes through a 22 km long gorge in the Eastern Ghat mountains. This is located in the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion. This area comprises of the Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary and the adjacent Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Satkosia Gorge with its magnificent floristic composition and amazing faunal diversity on both of its northern and southern side over an area of 795.52 sq.km. It is the home of tiger, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, mouse deer, nilgai, chousingha etc.