It is declared as a sanctuary in 1984. It is famous for the Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve that spreads across the Simlipal, Kuldiha and Hadgarh wildlife reserves. Locally it is known as the Tenda Elephant Reserve. A watch tower is created at Garsimulia to have a look at the elephants taking ??. The sanctuary also offers night stay accommodation at Kuldiha entrance, in form of huts, tents and few concrete houses.
It usually remains close during July and September. Situated in the Northern Odisha, this place is dominated by sal trees and various animals including tigers, leopard, elephant, gaur, sambar, hill myna, hornbills etc.